Federal drug laws offer the United States uniform and mandatory criminal sentencing procedures, to streamline the process of handling drug related charges. The goal of the recent fair sentencing guidelines was to eliminate discrimination based on race, background, and gender, in drug prosecution.
Drugs are divided into schedules, by federal laws, in order to classify them. Schedule 1 drugs are drugs with high potential for abuse and dependency without having any legitimate medical use. Schedule II drugs also have high potential for abuse and dependence, but may also be prescribed medications.
Amphetamines, also known as Speed, fit within the Schedule II classification, because there are some prescribed amphetamines. However, that does not make it less of an offense or less dangerous to misuse or abuse these drugs.
Amphetamines are regulated in part because they are a central nervous stimulant, thus pushing the heart and lungs to work extra hard. The body can overheat, causing overdose. Individuals who overdose on Speed can also die from seizures, stroke, or heart attack.
Amphetamines also make it more likely for an individual to cause an accident, or to commit a violent crime. Amphetamines, for this reason, are a serious target for criminal punishment to help deter the sale and use of these drugs.
While some individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or other conditions, may be legitimately prescribed prescription amphetamines like Ritalin an Vicadin, these are also regularly abused by the patients themselves, or by friends or associates who have access. Thus, the government must carefully regulate even the acquisition of prescription amphetamines, to protect as many lives as possible.